Fostering reflection among the students
Reflection is a cognitive process that we use to make sense of our experiences. In project-based learning, students should have the opportunity to reflect on what and how they are learning, both individually and collectively. Providing the time and structure for reflecting on a project transforms the project development process into authentic project-based learning. In this respect, John Dewey argued that we do not learn from experience, we learn by reflecting on it. It is therefore essential to teach reflection techniques and to foster individual and group reflection. When planning, we need to find the right balance between reflection and action, leaving some time at the end of the projects for feedback and in-depth reflection.